What We Treat



A bulge in the artery wall can pose a serious threat to your health, especially if it develops in the body’s main blood vessel (aortic aneurysm). If the balloon-like bulge expands too far or too rapidly, the vessel is susceptible to rupture.



A type of chest pain that occurs when there is insufficient blood flow to the heart. Angina may be felt as chest tightness, pressure or squeezing pain. Coronary artery disease is a primary culprit to angina because it causes narrowing or blockage of the heart’s arteries.



Aortic valve disease is a condition in which the valve between the main pumping chamber of your heart (left ventricle) and the main artery to your body (aorta) doesn't work properly. Aortic valve disease may be a condition present at birth (congenital heart disease), or it may result from other causes.



An indication of an abnormal heart rate, either too fast (tachycardia), too slow (bradycardia) or with an irregular pattern. Arrhythmias can cause a wide range of symptoms, from barely noticeable to complete cardiovascular collapse.



The presence of plaque accumulation within the arteries. The buildup of fatty deposits causes a narrowing and stiffening of arteries, which can restrict sufficient blood flow to the heart and to the body’s organs. This can lead to stroke or heart attack if it ruptures in the coronary artery.


Atrial Fibrillation

Also known as AFib or AF, this condition is marked by the presence of an irregular heartbeat or arrhythmia in the upper heart chambers. If left unchecked, atrial fibrillation can lead to serious complications such as blood clots, stroke and heart failure.


Atrial FLutter

Atrial flutter is a type of heart rhythm disorder in which the heart's upper chambers (atria) beat too quickly. In atrial flutter, your heart's upper chambers (atria) beat too quickly. This causes the heart to beat in a fast, but usually regular, rhythm.



When there is a malfunctioning or clotted vein deep inside the body, typically the main artery in the leg. If there is a blood clot that breaks loose and travels to the main artery in the lung, it may cause a pulmonary embolism.



A slow heart rate, often below 60 beats per minute. While harmless in some people, this can also be an indication that the heart’s electrical system is unable to keep up with proper heart function and efficiency.



A condition involving poor muscle tone in the heart, which impairs its ability to pump blood to the body’s tissues, organs and surrounding muscles. There are various types of cardiomyopathy, including those that are caused by heart attack and blocked arteries and those that are caused by inflammation, viruses or medications.


Chest Pain

Pain or discomfort in the region of the chest, which can range from a dull ache to sharp, stabbing pain. While chest pain can be a symptom of asthma, heartburn or anxiety, it can also be a warning sign of heart attack or coronary artery disease.



Atherosclerosis (cholesterol buildup) within the arteries that supply blood to the legs and feet. Patients with PAD may suffer from aneurysms and are at a five times greater risk for heart attack.


Congestive Heart Failure

A condition that occurs when the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the demands of the body. Congestive heart failure can be chronic or acute and commonly produces symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath and swelling of the legs.


Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

The leading cause of heart attack and most common type of heart disease. CAD involves a restricted supply of blood to the heart due to narrowing or hardening arteries caused by plaque buildup in the artery wall.



A metabolic disease that occurs when a patient’s blood glucose, or blood sugar, is too high. If not properly managed, diabetes can cause heart disease and other serious health complications over time.


Fainting/Passing out

A temporary loss of consciousness caused by restricted blood supply to the brain. Fainting is often associated with hypotension, or low blood pressure.


Heart Murmur

The sound of blood flowing through the heart. Heart murmurs can be congenital or caused by a defective heart valve. Most heart murmurs in children are harmless.



An infection of the inner lining of the heart (endocardium) that often affects the heart valves. IE can be a life-threatening bacterial infection that demands prompt treatment.



Hypertension, or high blood pressure, refers to the pressure of blood against your artery walls. Over time, high blood pressure can cause blood vessel damage that leads to heart disease, kidney disease, stroke, and other problems.



If your blood contains too much LDL cholesterol (cholesterol carried by low-density lipoprotein), it's known as high cholesterol. When left untreated, high cholesterol can lead to many health problems, including heart attack or stroke. High cholesterol typically causes no symptoms.


Hole in the heart

An atrial septal defect is a birth defect of the heart in which there is a hole in the wall (septum) that divides the upper chambers (atria) of the heart. A hole can vary in size and may close on its own or may require surgery. An atrial septal defect is one type of congenital heart defect. Congenital means present at birth.



Retention of fluid within the legs, also known as peripheral edema. When it comes to cardiac health, this can be an indication of worsening congestive heart failure or peripheral artery disease.


Leg Swelling

Retention of fluid within the legs, also known as peripheral edema. When it comes to cardiac health, this can be an indication of worsening congestive heart failure or peripheral artery disease.



Dizziness can be attributed to a number of factors or health conditions. However, feeling lightheaded can also be warning sign of serious heart failure, especially when accompanied by other heart-related symptoms.



The sensation that your heart is beating too fast, too slow or irregularly. Heart palpitations can be attributed to a variety of causes, ranging from short-term stress to a type of heart arrhythmia.


Shortness Of Breath

Difficult or labored breathing. Dyspnea can be a warning sign for a number of cardiac conditions, ranging from arrhythmias and pulmonary hypertension to valvular disease and congestive heart failure.



When blood supply to the brain is cut off or interrupted, resulting in cell death. Stroke is the 5th leading cause of death in the United States and is considered a medical emergency. High blood pressure is a leading risk factor.



Sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts. If you snore loudly and feel tired even after a full night's sleep, you might have sleep apnea. The main types of sleep apnea are: Obstructive sleep apnea, the more common form that occurs when throat muscles relax.


Valvular Heart Disease

Valvular heart disease is when any valve in the heart has damage or is diseased. There are several causes of valve disease.



A cluster or collection of symptoms that increases a patient’s risk for heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Metabolic syndrome can include high blood pressure, increased blood sugars, excess abdominal fat, and abnormal cholesterol levels.


The only independent outpatient cardiac group in the Lehigh Valley specializing in Non-Invasive cardiac care.

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